Ferro Manganese

Jul 31, 2019 / 377 views

Ferro Manganese

Ferro Manganese, a ferroalloy with high content of manganese, is made by heating a mixture of the oxides MnO2 and Fe2O3, with carbon, usually as coal and coke, in either a blast furnace or an electric arc furnace-type system, called a submerged arc furnace. The oxides undergo carbothermal reduction in the furnaces, producing the ferro manganese. Ferro manganese is used as a deoxidizer for steel.


Henry Bessemer invented the use of ferro manganese as a method of introducing manganese in controlled proportions during the production of steel. The advantage of combining powdered iron oxide and manganese oxide together is the lower melting point of the combined alloy compared to pure manganese oxide.

A North American standard specification is ASTM A99. The ten grades covered under this specification includes;

Standard ferro manganese
Medium-carbon ferro manganese
Low-carbon ferro manganese
A similar material is a pig iron with high content of manganese, is called spiegeleisen.

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